Complex number fundamentals | Lockdown math ep. 3
3Blue1Brown
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#### Published On Apr 24, 2020

Intro to the geometry complex numbers.
Brought to you by you: https://3b1b.co/ldm-thanks

Beautiful pictorial summary by @ThuyNganVu:

Errors:
- On the first sketch of a complex plane, there is a "2i" written instead of "-2i".
- At the end, in writing the angle sum identity, the last term should be sin(beta) instead of sin(alpha).
- During Q9, the terms in parentheses should include an i, (1/2 + sqrt(3)/2 i)

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The graphing calculator used here is Desmos.
https://www.desmos.com/

The "Complex slide rule" came from Geogebra, via Ben Sparks.
https://www.geogebra.org/m/mbhbdvkr

https://www.3blue1brown.com/faq#manim

Music by Vincent Rubinetti.
https://vincerubinetti.bandcamp.com/album/the-music-of-3blue1brown

Stream the music on Spotify:
https://open.spotify.com/album/1dVyjwS8FBqXhRunaG5W5u

If you want to contribute translated subtitles or to help review those that have already been made by others and need approval, you can click the gear icon in the video and go to subtitles/cc, then "add subtitles/cc". I really appreciate those who do this, as it helps make the lessons accessible to more people.

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Video Timeline (thanks to user "Just TIEriffic")
0:00:30 - W3 Results
0:01:00 - W4 Prompt
0:02:00 - Ask What would you call 'imaginary numbers'?
0:06:40 - Startingpoint & assumptions
0:10:25 - W4 Results
0:11:25 - Q1 Prompt
0:12:20 - Q1 Process
0:14:05 - RotatingCoordinates
0:16:40 - Q1 Result
0:17:40 - Q2
0:18:15 - Q3 Prompt
0:19:40 - Q3 Results
0:21:35 - RotationAnimation
0:22:35 - 3 facts about Multiplication
0:25:40 - Q4 Prompt
0:26:10 - Ask imaginary I vs physics i&j
0:28:15 - Q4 Result
0:32:10 - Q5 Prompt
0:33:30 - Q5 Results
0:34:00 - Q5 Solution
0:35:55 - RotatingImages Example
0:37:10 - PythonExample
0:38:25 - PythonImage Rotation Example
0:40:35 - Ask Vectors & Matrices for rotation
0:42:40 - Q6 Prompt
0:46:55 - Q6 Results
0:47:25 - Q6 Solution
0:57:20 - Q7 Prompt
0:57:55 - Ask Can we do without complex numbers?
1:00:10 - Q7 Results
1:00:55 - Q7 Solution
1:05:45 - Q8 Prompt
1:06:30 - Ask sum/difference of angles
1:09:25 - Q8 Results
1:10:25 - Q8 Solution
1:12:00 - DesmosExample
1:15:05 - Bringing it all together
1:16:25 - The "cis" shorthand explained
1:18:05 - Q9 Prompt
1:19:35 - Q9 Results
1:20:55 - ClosingRemarks
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